But these linguistic contacts are much too insignificant for much weight to be attached to them, and furthermore the distinction in style between I and II Thess and I Pet is important. While one may surely presume some facility in Greek even among Palestinian fishermen in the first century who lacked formal education, the kind of Greek found in this epistle was probably beyond such a person, and hence the language was in all likelihood not given its present form by Simon Peter." (, pp. If 1 Peter is, as it appears to be, an encyclical on behalf of the church at Rome ('Babylon') to a wide circle of churches on the frontiers of the Roman Empire in five provinces of Asia Minor ('Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia,' 1 Pet 1:2), then the author would likely have had scribal help with vocabulary and style, and his helpers would likely have remained anonymous." (, art.No one has yet proved that grafw dia tinos can mean to authorize someone else to compose a piece of writing. "1 Peter") Daniel Wallace also suggests Peter's use of an anonymous scribe, indeed a companion of Paul, nominating Luke as one candidate.It covers everything from how to get started to proper profile and messaging etiquette in today’s online dating world.Any question you’ve had about how to approach dating is about to get answered by this one-stop, all-you-need-to-know, ultimate online and app dating guide.
The absence of influence from the language of the Hebrew Bible or the Targumim on the one hand, and the clear influence of the LXX on the other, show that the author was at home in Greek rather than Semitic culture, and such is likely not to have been the case with Simon Peter." (, pp. This is true not only in the general sense that the Jewish-Christian readers, the 'people of God' (), are no longer concerned about the problem of the fulfillment of the Law, but also in the special sense that, as in Paul, the death of Jesus has atoned for the sins of Christians and has accomplished justification ( f; ).Knowledge of any of these writings would point to a date later than the apostle Peter is meant to have perished, in the Neronian persecutation (c. Indeed, the thought and tenor of the epistle would seem to place it towards the end of the first century" ( assumes that Silvanus is the real author to whom Peter gave the responsibility for the actual writing.Some think that they can prove that clearly common elements in language exist between I and II Thess, I Pet, and Acts , which indicates a common authorship by Silvanus. , no New Testament author ever explicitly mentions or commends an amanuensis elsewhere." ( Greek) was used in Palestine to facilitate trade and by speculating that the apostle made an extraordinary development in his Greek literary skills during his missionary career, without a formal education, citing John Bunyan (author of ). Achtemeier writes: "The type of Greek found in 1 Peter reveals that whether or not the author was born a Greek, he had enjoyed some level of formal education, if not an 'advanced' education in rhetoric or philosophy, at least a 'middle' education that would have included, along with geometry, arithmetic, and music, a reading of such classical authors as Homer. Michaels writes: "The notion that Peter had help in the composition of this letter does not stand or fall with the theory about Silvanus. Achtemeier writes: "The letter, therefore, beginning with a carefully crafted exordium whose purpose was to win the attention of the audience, followed by a series of topical discussions and concluding with a peroration, shows elements of judicial and epideictic structures, but seems to reflect most closely the deliberative rhetoric of its Hellenistic age.Whether or nto the author set out deliberatively to craft a letter that included such elements of formal Hellenistic rhetoric is difficult to say, although it would be equally difficult to deny him all acquaintance with formal rhetoric in light of the shape of the letter itself." (, p.In defense of Petrine authorship, a variety of indications have been cited taht are held to represent such reminiscences. Again, the reference to 'witness' in 5:1 is taken to mean Peter is calling himself an eyewitness to the passion of Jesus, a witness reflected supremely in -25.For example, the alteration of first and second person in 1:3-9 is claimed to show that while the readers have not seen Jesus (v. The difficulty with finding assurances of the report of an eyewitness is that these verses are patently drawn from Isaiah 53, and hence may owe more to the author's demonstrable reliance on the OT, and even to a notion of the fulfillment of prophecy by Jesus, than to the reminiscences of an eyewitness." ( (fellow elder). It can be fun, terrible, exciting, hard — the adjectives used to describe it are endless.But this guide was created to help you navigate your way through all those adjectives and shed the only light you’ll ever need on an otherwise confusing, strenuous experience.Furthermore, if this were the case, then Peter would not be the real author of I Pet in any sense." ( 20, and the subscripts at the end of letters by Paul (in the Byzantine text tradition) confirm that the Greek is used of the carrier of the letter. While it may be impossible to disprove such an idea, Eric Eve writes: "One cannot save Petrine authorship by arguing that Peter employed a secretary.Wayne Grudem adds: "Moreover, the fact that Peter calls Silvanus , argues strongly for Silvanus as the bearer (note Paul's similar commendation of the bearers of his lettersin 1 Cor. If one argues that this secretary was Silvanus, the travelling companion of Paul (e.g. Kmmel writes: "I Pet contains no evidence at all of familiarity with the earthly Jesus, his life, his teaching, and his death, but makes reference only in a general way to the 'sufferings' of Christ.