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Updating table with table variable

In this example, we want to know the highest batch number of the rows we’ve updated.For each row, we use the CASE expression to check if the row’s batch number is higher than @max Batch Number.Note: Don’t divide by @count if you haven’t actually updated any rows, or you’ll get a division by zero error. Some calculations, like running totals, require that the data is ordered properly to function correctly.If you’re careful and know what you’re doing, you can use inline variable assignments to calculate not just aggregates but running aggregates in a table, like you might otherwise using window functions.You can use them to calculate pretty much any aggregate you can think of.How about a grand total of how much we’ve added to the amount column?If created inside a stored procedure they are destroyed upon completion of the stored procedure.Furthermore, the scope of any particular temporary table is the session in which it is created; meaning it is only visible to the current user.

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If you switch the order of the last two, the query won’t work the way we want to.The answer is that this variable assignment is performed over and over, once for every row in the output.For instance, consider the following example: DECLARE @tbl TABLE ( ordinal int NOT NULL, word varchar(100) NOT NULL, PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED (ordinal) ); INSERT INTO @tbl (ordinal, word) VALUES (1, 'This'), (2, 'is'), (3, 'a'), (4, 'test'), (5, 'of'), (6, 'string'), (7, 'concatenation'); DECLARE @output varchar(1000)=''; On a side-note: We looked at a more advanced string concatenation example, using XML, in a previous post. The name "temporary" is slightly misleading, for even though the tables are instantiated in tempdb, they are backed by physical disk and are even logged into the transaction log.They act like regular tables in that you can query their data via SELECT queries and modify their data via UPDATE, INSERT, and DELETE statements.We update a table column by increasing the amount column by 10% for a selection of rows, and we assign a value to a variable, by incrementing @counter by 1 for every row.After the UPDATE, we can view the value of the @counter variable to see how many rows we actually modified.Just like the SELECT statement, the UPDATE statement executes row-by-row on the table being updated.This means that the SET clause of the UPDATE statement is evaluated once for every row in the updated table.This kind of temporary tables can be replaced with table variables.You’d be forgiven for asking what happens if there’s more than one row in the output.


  1. After declaring our temporary table #T and our table-variable @T, we assign each one with the same “old value” string. Then, we begin a transaction that updates their contents. At this point, both will now contain the same “new value” string. But when we rollback the transaction, as you can see, the table-variable @T.

  2. Aug 11, 2008. I didn't know where else to post this because its not directly related to EXT. But I thought upldating a database column via variable or even updating a table via variable was not a common find. I searched and searched for this solution and found only one.

  3. Jun 6, 2017. In this article, I will provide a set of examples to showcase the use of OUTPUT clause in capturing the results of the updated rows into a table variable for the UPDATE statements.

  4. We can insert values using INSERT INTO clause in table variable. We can use SELECT to fetch data and UPDATE, DELETE for manipulate data in table variable. In table variable the constraint types allowed are PRIMARY KEY, UNIQUE, NULL, and CHECK but they must be incorporated with the creation of the table in the.

  5. May 6, 2007. If you recollect, SQL Server 7.0 never had the concept of Table variables and this guy's stored procedures were littered with Temp tables almost. procedure from that stored procedure a nested stored procedure and perform operations like inserting, updating and deleting that temporary table object.

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