Episode "The Age of Dissonance", which was titled after Edith Wharton's novel The Age of Innocence, saw a high school production of the novel taking place, and "The Blair Bitch Project" was named after The Blair Witch Project.
"Victor, Victrola" is named after the British-American musical comedy Victor/Victoria.
The success of Gossip Girl led to adaptations outside the United States. The characters are worldly in a way that Orange County kids aren't." The O. creator Josh Schwartz and fellow writer Stephanie Savage have served as the show's executive producers throughout the series' run, followed by Bob Levy and Leslie Morgenstein of Alloy Entertainment, who were assigned in aiding the adaptation of the novels into the series.
The fifth-season episode "The Big Sleep No More" was named for the film The Big Sleep and the New York-based production Sleep No More.
Episode "Easy J" was titled after Emma Stone's hit movie Easy A.
She told it had been proposed to shoot in a Los Angeles studio that would recreate Central Park but they eventually filmed the series in New York.
Savage explained their choice to film there: "There's no New York City on TV, or there wasn't when we started making the pilot, except what you could see in the background behind the dead bodies on cop shows.